Pheromones and Oxytocin

Have you ever wondered why you’re attracted to someone? What is it about that person that you like? Or how your body knows you like that person? Something’s that plays a big role in this are Pheromone and Serotonin. These are both chemicals produced by your body. Another chemical produced by your body that makes you attracted to someone is Oxytocin, otherwise known as the “Love” chemical. These chemicals all play a role of why you fall in love…

A pheromone is a chemical produced by your body that generates responses from the opposite sex of the same species. It is released into the environment by sweat, urine, or glands in your skin. Pheromones are used outside the imagesbody only, and are meant for communication. There are different kinds of pheromones, including gender based ones. Androstenol is a pheromone produced by males that is fresh sweat. Some say women are highly attracted to this scent. On the other hand, Androstenone is also a pheromone produced by males, but it is their sweat after the exposure of oxygen. Women tend to think this is unpleasant. Like male, females also produce Androstenol, but it is often destroyed by deodorant, and other antiperspirants. Another pheromone that females  produce is Copulins. When a female is at their fertile stage of the reproductive cycle, it’s at its strongest. Often, female pheromones are invisible, and undetectable. When found, they can arouse men and send a signal of sex to them. Studies show that pheromone does increase sexual attractiveness. For example, in the case of women being aroused at the smell of male Androstenol, women are more likely to be attracted to the male when smelling this. It works both ways. Men are also more likely to be attracted to a women when producing pheromones. Majority of pheromones are released when the body pushes them out, or exerts itself, like sweat or urine. You can smell pheromones. For example, after a male has just worked out you can usually smell it, they have a distinct smell about them. Whether or not if this attracts you, all deals with pheromones. Instead of actually being attracted to someone, you could just be attracted to their pheromones. When a female is ovulating, they find the smell of Androstenone attractive because they have more hormones, whereas under normal circumstances, they would be opposed of the smell. An example of Androstenone would be like walking into a mall locker room.Like mentionchemistry-or-love before,usually female pheromones are invisible. So with that being said, you would not be able to tell if a women was ovulating or was fertile without any direct knowledge. The only real clue the man could have is if she was more sexually aroused/ attracted to them. Depending on the age of a person, they could have more or less hormones. A younger person would have more because they are still growing and their body can produce more at a faster rate. An older person would have less hormones, mainly because the body doesn’t make any. An example of this would be when a female goes through menopause. She makes less hormones after this because she doesn’t have her menstrual cycle anymore, nor does she get fertile. With all this being said, a person with a lower level of hormones would probably be attracted to a person with a high level of hormones.

Serotonin, as mentioned before, is a neurotransmitter that deals with attraction. A neurotransmitter is a chemical that is released at the end of a nerve fiber. This chemical is typically found in low levels in people who have depression or OCD. On the contrary, it also deals with falling in love, and many would say that it’s an obsession. Having a low level of Serotonin is a bonding mechanism that makes people “crazy,” or “obsessive.” This chemical Love-Wallpaer-love-1370430-1024-768maintains mood balance. Serotonin is a chemical made in the body, sometimes in the brain, but believe it or not, about 80-90% of Serotonin is made in the intestines. This chemical can affect many things, including, mood, behavior, appetite, digestion, sleep, function, memory, and sexual desire. Serotonin combines with tryptophan, proteins, tryptophan hydroxylase, and a chemical reactor. The outcome of this is 5-hyrdoxyltryptamine (5-HT), commonly known as Serotonin. It is believed that this chemical plays a big role in the central nervous system, as well as in the function of the body. It really helps all around. How does it pertain to “Chemistry of Love” exactly? Well, like mentioned many times before, it can affect your mood. Many times, whether you fall in love in dependent on your mood. And Serotonin affects your sexual desire, so like wanting/lusting for someone would be a good way to put it. You can actually increase your Serotonin levels by exercising regularly and eating right. Serotonin is also an antidepressant, which makes you more likely to fall in love, while happy.

Oxytocin is also a hormone that is made in the brain that is usually known as the “love” hormone. It’s been found to make people want to hug, cuddle, be in love, and/or have sex. It’s made in the hypothalamus, which is in your brain, and is then transported to the pituitary gland, which is at the base of the brain. Oxytocin is both a hormone, and neurotransmitter. It’s known usually as a nonapeptide, which translates to a peptide containing nine amino acids. When released, Oxytocin regulates 2 things; breast feeding and childbirth. During childbirth, Oxytocin actually widens the cervix, making you contract more. It’s known as “the great factor of life.” While it does this for labor, it also takes an effect on your emotions. It is released into the brain to the regions that involve emotion, cognitive, and social behaviors. Oxytocin can help you feel relaxed, trust, and stability of the mind. It sort of sounds like a soothing chemical, minus the labor part. It really helps a number of things that go on inside your brain and body, including, motherly care, aggression, sexual behavior, couple bonding, social memory, trust, stress, and anxiety. A study done the-chemistry-of-lovein 2012 showed that the Oxytocin levels in new lovers was higher than those of single people.It is believed that Oxytocin can play a part in the sexual experience, it is released during sexual intercourse and could play a part in orgasms and erections. Even little things like hugging, kissing, and cuddling could make your Oxytocin levels go up, that is why it’s frequently related to the act of bonding.

While Serotonin and Oxytocin are major chemicals that make you fall in love, there are some other ones as well. When you’re attracted to someone you get a boost of Adrenaline. This is like the rush you get on a roller coaster. Adrenaline is a chemical your body produced that is released when you feel strong emotion, this causes your heart to beat faster and gives you a rush of energy. Dopamine is also a chemical that plays a big role. When this chemical is released into your brain, you get a sense of rush and pleasure. It’s commonly known as your happy drug. Dopamine plays a major role in addiction, this is also a reason that it makes you fall in love. You want more and more of that drug just like you want more and more of that person. The last chemical I’m going to talk about is Vasopressin. It’s an important hormone in the long term commitment stage, and is released after sex.

All these chemicals I’ve mention play a big role in why you fall in love. Whether is what you see, smell, or feel, they are all acting as a part in the process. In order to be physically attracted to someone, you must be chemically attracted first.

-Courtney Feightner

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2 thoughts on “Pheromones and Oxytocin

  1. What is a Pheromone?
    – Pheromone is a chemical produced by your body that generates responses from the opposite sex of the same species. It is released into the environment by sweat, urine, or glands in your skin. Pheromones are used outside the body only, and are meant for communication. There are different kinds of pheromones, including gender based ones

    What types do Males and females make?
    – Androstenol is a pheromone produced by males that is fresh sweat. Some say women are highly attracted to this scent. Women tend to think this is unpleasant. Like males, females also produce Androstenol, but it is often destroyed by deodorant, and other antiperspirants. Another pheromone that females produce is Copulins. When a female is at their fertile stage of the reproductive cycle, it’s at its strongest.

    Does this cause them to attract a mate?
    – When found, they can arouse men and send a signal of sex to them. Studies show that pheromone does increase sexual attractiveness. For example, in the case of women being aroused at the smell of male Androstenol, women are more likely to be attracted to the male when smelling this. It works both ways. Men are also more likely to be attracted to a women when producing pheromones. Majority of pheromones are released when the body pushes them out, or exerts itself, like sweat or urine.

    Is a male or female more attractive based on their hormone levels?
    – Depending on the age of a person, they could have more or less hormones. A younger person would have more because they are still growing and their body can produce more at a faster rate. An older person would have less hormones, mainly because the body doesn’t make any. An example of this would be when a female goes through menopause. She makes less hormones after this because she doesn’t have her menstrual cycle anymore, nor does she get fertile. With all this being said, a person with a lower level of hormones would probably be attracted to a person with a high level of hormones.

    Like

  2. What is Serotonin and Oxytocin?
    – Serotonin, is a neurotransmitter that deals with attraction. A neurotransmitter is a chemical that is released at the end of a nerve fiber. This chemical is typically found in low levels in people who have depression or OCD. On the contrary, it also deals with falling in love, and many would say that it’s an obsession. Having a low level of Serotonin is a bonding mechanism that makes people “crazy,” or “obsessive.” This chemical maintains mood balance. Serotonin is a chemical made in the body, sometimes in the brain, but believe it or not, about 80-90% of Serotonin is made in the intestines.
    – Oxytocin is also a hormone that is made in the brain that is usually known as the “love” hormone. It’s been found to make people want to hug, cuddle, be in love, and/or have sex. It’s made in the hypothalamus, which is in your brain, and is then transported to the pituitary gland, which is at the base of the brain. Oxytocin is both a hormone, and neurotransmitter.

    What chemicals that are made or received are associated with love?
    – While Serotonin and Oxytocin are major chemicals that make you fall in love, there are some other ones as well. When you’re attracted to someone you get a boost of Adrenaline. This is like the rush you get on a roller coaster. Adrenaline is a chemical your body produced that is released when you feel strong emotion, this causes your heart to beat faster and gives you a rush of energy. Dopamine is also a chemical that plays a big role. When this chemical is released into your brain, you get a sense of rush and pleasure.

    Like

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